Tag: Law

Will War Accelerate Energy Transition?

The World Jurist Association (WJA) organized the panel “Degassing Europe: Will War Accelerate the Energy Transition?” which is the first Opening Session of the “on-going” World Law Congress 2023. This virtual meeting brought together Miguel Arias Cañete, former European Commissioner for Climate Action; Cristina Lobillo Borrero, Director of Energy Policy at the Directorate General for Energy of the European Commission; and Javier de Cendra, Dean of the Law School of the University Francisco de Vitoria and expert in Environmental Law.

Viviane Reding, vice-president of the World Law Foundation and former vice-president of the European Commission, moderated the debate, inaugurated by Javier Cremades, president of the WJA. During his speech, President Cremades stressed that “the energy transition is taking place in an unprecedented context in the 21st century. With the war in Ukraine, the conflict unleashed by Moscow, violating international law, has revealed the dependence of Europe and many other regions on Russian fossil fuels”.

During the debate, the panel agreed on the fact that the European Union is fully committed to the objectives of decarbonization by 2055, which implies a progressive abandonment of fossil fuels, and its total substitution by clean energies: renewables, green hydrogen, etc. The so-called energy transition process, which is currently taking place, will achieve a triple objective once complete: cheaper, non-polluting and self-sufficiency.

It was also mentioned that the war in Ukraine has highlighted the urgent need to eliminate the current EU’s energy dependence on Russia by 2030 at the latest, and if possible, by 2027.

Panelists also agreed that energy transition towards decarbonization and independence from Russia are not contradictory goals; on the contrary, they are mutually reinforcing. The most effective way to achieve European energy self-sufficiency is to accelerate the transition in all its dimensions: increasing the contribution of renewables, energy efficiency and savings, new technologies, and in particular, green hydrogen. This philosophy underlies the Commission’s Repower communication, which confirms and reinforces the general objectives contained in the Fit for 55’s communication, approved by the European Council.

The world is currently immersed in a global crisis, which goes beyond the war in Ukraine, and even beyond the post-COVID 19 pandemic. Panelists remarked that this situation poses major challenges to the energy transition process. For example, questions relating to the availability and cost of innovative technologies and that of the raw materials required; questions relating to the world economic situation, inflation, contraction, and growth; and of a geopolitical nature, the duration and extension of the conflict, de-globalization, and disruption of supply chains, etc.

The rise in energy prices is undoubtedly, and especially in its “energy poverty” dimension, one of the greatest causes for concern and a major challenge to the energy transition process. The panel agreed that corrective measures must be implemented, but they must not jeopardize either the progress achieved or the road ahead. The European energy market, as the data shows, has worked very effectively, particularly for consumers and to encourage investment in renewables. The current problem is caused by rising gas prices, and that must be solved with specific measures, targeted at vulnerable sectors.

The European Union began the energy transition process two decades ago, and has already achieved important results: in particular, the fulfillment of all the objectives set for 2020 and the positive forecast, even in anticipation, with respect to those of 2030. The EU has the most complete legislative tools and financial instruments in the world to achieve decarbonization by 2055. Although the current crisis presents significant risks, there is a conviction that the EU has the capacity to overcome them, even to accelerate the process.

 

 

Medal-of-Honor

Spanish Diplomat Jesús Silva receives the Medal of Honor of the World Jurist Association

The WJA recognizes his work in the defense of freedom, the rule of law, and democracy. The WJA Medal of Honor was presented by Javier Cremades, President of the WJA, during the Oslo Freedom Forum, which is being held in the Norwegian capital from May 23 to 25.

The World Jurist Association (WJA) has awarded its Medal of Honor to Spanish diplomat Jesús Silva, current Consul General of Spain in Cape Town, South Africa, former Ambassador of Spain to Venezuela, Panama and Jamaica. The diplomat’s work in the Spanish delegation in Venezuela, from March 2017 to November 2020, has merited him this award, for his career as ambassador and for having defended the values professed by the WJA, particularly his defense of the rule of law and human dignity in the face of abuses of power.

Silva’s time in Caracas was very turbulent and delicate. Since his arrival, the embassy was the seat of secret negotiations between Chavismo and the Venezuelan opposition. It was also a center of courageous defense of human rights, especially of political prisoners with Spanish nationality. After the presidential elections of May 2018, considered fraudulent, chavismo maintained control of the territory and the government in Venezuela, but without the recognition of the European Union and other countries of the world. For its part, the opposition, represented by Juan Guaidó, recognized as President in charge by the United States, the European Union and numerous free countries, maintained moral authority. In the midst of this scenario, the Spanish government granted shelter in the residence of the Spanish Ambassador in Caracas, as a guest, to the Venezuelan prisoner of conscience and activist, Leopoldo López, one of the main opponents of Nicolas Maduro’s regime.

Ambassador Silva’s work, maintaining the balance to preserve diplomatic relations between both nations and at the same time defending the values of freedom, democracy and the rule of law, was a very delicate task. A true example and reference of the usefulness and validity of contemporary diplomacy. For this reason, in the words of Javier Cremades, president of the World Jurist Association: “We recognize in him his courageous defense of the values of freedom, as well as human rights and democracy in extreme circumstances, during his responsibility as ambassador of Spain in Venezuela. Silva connects with the best tradition of Spanish diplomats who were able to take risks to protect the life and dignity of people. In different circumstances, people like him, or like Ángel Sainz Briz, show us that when a profession is exercised with purpose, the world becomes a more livable place, even in circumstances as dramatic as those experienced today by the Venezuelan people, deprived of their democratic rights and the values of the rule of law”.

For his part, Venezuelan leader Leopoldo López noted that he was “witness to how Ambassador Silva assumed a permanent line of defense of political prisoners, of their human rights, and the accompaniment of their families”.

The award ceremony took place within the framework of the Oslo Freedom Forum, organized by the Human Rights Foundation, a series of conferences that brings together distinguished personalities from around the world, activists and victims of authoritarian regimes, all committed to human rights, who are meeting from May 23 to 25 in Oslo.

Medal-of-Honor

 

 

The WJA in History: Charles Rhyne and the proclamation of the US Day on May 1

The Law Day is celebrated in the United States since May 1, 1958, when President Eisenhower proclaimed this date to honor the importance of the law in the creation of the United States.

The idea originated in 1957 when Charles Rhyne, founder of the World Jurist Association and then president of the American Bar Association, envisioned a special day to celebrate America’s legal system. Since Labor Day on May 1 had communist connotations for many Americans, as it celebrated the working people as the ruling class in the Soviet Union, Rhyne proposed celebrating the Law Day instead.

The origins of this day can be traced back to Wewoka, Oklahoma, where attorney Hicks Epton, along with the Seminole County Bar Association, initiated it with the “Know Your Courts, Know Your Freedoms” program on May 1, 1946. Later, in 1954, the celebrations known as Law Day gained national recognition within the legal community.

Charles Rhyne escalated the idea in 1958 and proposed it to President Eisenhower’s cabinet. And, although the proposal was shelved, on May 1 that year, Rhyne commented it directly to the US President, who agreed with it and made the first presidential proclamation of Law Day that same day.

Since 1958, every president of the United States of America has issued an annual Law Day proclamation. This date, according to the American Bar Association, is “a national day set aside to celebrate the rule of law, highlighting how the law and the legal process have contributed to the freedoms shared by all Americans.” A date that in many parts of the world inspires devotion to the rights of the working classes to participate in government, the Law Day asks Americans to focus on the rights of all Americans, as set forth in the foundational documents of American democracy: the Declaration of Independence and the Federal Constitution.

Barranquilla will become the world law capital with the celebration of the World Law Congress Colombia 2021

The World Jurist Association (WJA) has presented, along with the Ministry of Justice and Law of Colombia, and the Mayor’s Office of Barranquilla, the World Law Congress Colombia 2021 that will be held on December 2 and 3 at the Puerta de Oro Centre, in Barranquilla. Thus, La Arenosa will become the world law capital during the two days that the congress takes place, where heads of State are summoned, such as Iván Duque and Felipe VI, King of Spain, presidents and judges of high and international courts, general prosecutors and representatives of international organizations; as well as academics, lawyers, businessmen, human rights activists and law students from all continents.

The program will focus on promoting the rule of law as an instrument for the development of nations, offering a comprehensive vision of current issues that concern humanity and on which the law and justice world must respond. Among the aspects to be debated are the analysis of the responses of the States to the pandemic, cybersecurity and digitization, judicial independence and the current migratory crises, among others. The more than 35 Round tables that will make up the content of the congress will integrate the vision of notorious jurists, businessmen, representatives of Colombian and international institutions, communicators and students, who support the sustainable development of humanity, and coexistence in democracy and freedom.

During the second day, the World Peace & Liberty Award will be granted to the Colombian civil society and democracy, the longest in Latin America, for their defense, strengthening and promotion of Rule of Law over vicissitudes, and will have the participation of the President of Colombia, Iván Duque Márquez, King Felipe VI of Spain and the former presidents of Colombia Álvaro Uribe Velez, Ernesto Samper, and Andrés Pastrana, who have confirmed their attendance. In the 2020 edition, this award, considered the Nobel Prize for Law, was awarded to the recently deceased Justice of the United States Supreme Court, Ruth Bader Ginsburg, and in previous editions to personalities such as Sir Winston Churchill, René Cassin, Nelson Mandela and King Felipe VI of Spain. An award that all of them have received for their indisputable commitment to the rule of law and the defense of democracy and freedom.

The president of the WJA, Javier Cremades, has recognized that “we chose Colombia as host to this congress because, despite the difficulties it has faced, Colombian society has always supported living in democracy and, furthermore, the country has become the perfect setting coinciding with the 30th anniversary of the Colombian constitution and the 200th anniversary of the constitution of Cucuta”. Mr. Cremades has invited Colombian lawyers, academics, businessmen, and law students from around the world “to attend this extraordinary event that is coming to Colombia for the first time.”

Along these lines, the Minister of Justice and Law, Wilson Ruiz Orejuela, has mentioned that “for the National Government this designation is a tribute and recognition to the daily and tireless efforts made by the State and the Colombian people, strengthening the principles of the Social State of Law and guaranteeing the freedom of citizens, order and peace within the framework of the democratic system that governs us”.

For her part, María Eugenia Gay, president of the Spanish chapter of the WJA, has ensured that the exchange of ideas, reflective analysis and the practice of a constructive dialogue shielding us from prejudices and polarization, constitute today a virtue that we must procure; the World Law Congress being, precisely, an opportunity for understanding that brings together the most prominent personalities from the world of Law, Politics and Diplomacy.

Finally, the mayor of Barranquilla, Jaime Pumarejo Heins, stressed that “Barranquilla will be the world epicenter of Law, a setting where the conversation about democracy and peace is re-established through the rule of law, protecting those who do not use their strength and power of communication to prevail. From here, important points will be debated on the preservation of freedom and how to face the challenge of continuing to build solid democracies that are increasingly in tune with the needs of today’s world. We celebrate this vote of confidence in the city and the country, and for that we have been preparing in recent years, which will also generate employment, opportunities and quality of life for Barranquilla residents within the framework of the successful process of economic reactivation that we currently lead at the national level ”.

 

The presentation of the congress has been covered in different media and you can here see what has been said about the most important legal event at an international level:

 

NTN24: https://youtu.be/Dz4KYQHgiAI

RCN news: https://youtu.be/quwU5XwFOKk

Telecaribe: https://youtu.be/llrBEswXD58

 

You can consult the program and make the attendance record by accessing through this link: https://worldlawcongress.com/

The World Jurist Association signs a collaboration agreement with the International Association of Lawyers

The World Jurist Association (WJA) and the International Association of Lawyers (UIA) have signed a collaboration agreement and have done so within the framework of the UIA congress that took place in Madrid on the 28th, 29th and 30th of October.

During its development, Javier Cremades, president of the WJA, received the medal of honor from the UIA awarded by its president, Jorge Martí Moreno. In his speech, Mr. Cremades thanked the recognition and invited all attendees to travel to Barranquilla to attend the World Law Congress Colombia 2021, which will take place on the 2nd and 3rd of December, 2021, involving “the celebration of the Rule of Law”.

The congress, which has become the largest international legal event, celebrates its 27th edition this year, under the name “Rule of Law: development for nations”. It will bring together more than 250 panelists who will pay tribute to Colombian democracy, which will be awarded with the World Peace & Liberty Award, being the first time that this recognition is awarded collectively.

The more than 35 roundtables will focus on current issues such as artificial intelligence, climate change and the role of women in law. Ultimately, the program will focus on promoting the rule of law as an instrument for the development of nations, offering a comprehensive vision of current issues that concern humanity and on which the world of law and justice must respond.

You can consult the program, as well as make the attendance registration by accessing the website through this link: https://worldlawcongress.com/

Opening Session Andean Community: Perspectives and institutional challenges of Andean Community Law

The World Jurist Association (WJA) has held a new opening session, the 15th on this new format of the World Law Congress 2021, which in this 27th edition has become an outgoing congress, with the celebration of these meetings prior to its celebration on December 2 and 3 in Barranquilla.

 

“Perspectives and institutional challenges of Andean Community Law” is the title given to this opening session in which the leading role has fallen on the Andean Community (CAN), a political community of law constituted as an international organization made up of Peru, Colombia, Ecuador and Bolivia.

 

Marcelo Vazquez, General Coordinator of Legal Counsel in the Ministry of Foreign Relations and Human Mobility of the Republic of Ecuador, has highlighted the “integrationist vocation and consecrated to the highest regulatory level” presented by the Andean Community, and has recognized that this “is the mechanism of stronger integration of the region and an exemplary project that has known how to adapt, evolve and grow”.

 

For his part, Jorge Hernando Pedraza, general secretary of the Andean Community, has praised its objective: “we were born for the greatest of services, which is to seek life quality for humans”, and stressed that “today more than ever we have a dynamic and modern community, efficient and close to the citizen”.

 

On behalf of the World Jurist Association, Diego Solana, coordinator of the World Law Congress program, has invited the participants of this opening session to celebrate in Barranquilla “the great festival of law” and has praised the objective of the World Jurist Association, which is to “guarantee peace through law” because, he asserts, “without law there can be neither peace nor freedom”.

 

During this day the discussion on “perspectives and institutional challenges of the Andean Community Law” was held, which has had delegates from the member countries of the Andean Community in the dispute settlement group and whose debate has been moderated by Dr. Ricardo Schembri Carrasquilla, head of the CAN legal service. Subsequently, the round table of lawyers and practitioners of the CAN legal service took place in the “Evolution of Andean community law in the face of the dispute settlement system.”

 

The closing of the act has been carried out by the Minister of Justice and Law of Colombia, Wilson Ruiz Orejuela, who has shown pride “in how the community has overcome the ravages of the pandemic, motivated by our common culture.” Picking up the words of the previous speakers, the minister stressed that “it can be shown that through integration, evolutionary processes that have a positive impact on human relations in our region are channeled”. And regarding the congress, he added that “the roundtables will respond with innovative proposals to the legal needs against abuses of the law.”

 

This has been the fifteenth day of the series of opening sessions prior to the World Law Congress that will be held in Barranquilla (Colombia) on December 2 and 3, coinciding with the 30th anniversary of the Colombian constitution. Through the projection of an institutional video, the president of the host country, Iván Duque, has pledged to “continue promoting the strength of the rule of law as fertile ground to allow the growth and well-being, development and freedom of citizens”. And has assured that “we will continue working to build a better future for all based on the strength and guarantees of the rule of law”.