Author: World Jurist Admin

“Energy, Politics and International Law”, by Jesús Eduardo Troconis

On June 20, in the setting of the World Jurist Association‘s new Forum “Energy Transformation and Climate”, the World Law Foundation presented the book “Energy, Politics and International Law”, by Jesús Eduardo Troconis Heredia, with a prologue by Javier Cremades, president of both organizations.

During the event, held at the headquarters of the magazine Cambio16, Cremades emphasized that the author “has focused on a topic that was once for experts and now has enormous social significance, because the energy sector is on the front line of combat, and society has the right to have decent access to energy”. Furthermore, he stressed that “we have to prioritize the transition to green energy and make a radical commitment to long term policies towards a more sustainable economy”.

Diego Solana, program coordinator of the World Law Congress, moderated the interventions and emphasized the role of law “as a guarantor for sustainability”. Alongside them, Luciano Parejo Alfonso, professor of Administrative Law, co-founder of the Carlos III University of Madrid and former rector of the Menéndez Pelayo University, pointed out that “the significance of this book lies in energy and, specifically, in oil and gas”. He added that “this work presents a world that looks back to the moment when man made a decisive move in history: turning away from animal life and taking a totally opposite direction, endangering the foundations on which life is based”.

Also participating in the presentation of “Energy, Politics and International Law” was Aquiles Rattia Regalado, a petroleum engineer, member of the UN Energy Committee and former director of world reserves of Repsol, who stated that “energy is an instrument of progress and we must see it as an instrument for peace”.

The meeting ended with the intervention of the author, Jesús Eduardo Troconis, who thanked the speakers who accompanied him, acknowledging the proper use each one of them make of their prestige by using it for a better future for all.  He concluded pointing out the importance of “reinforcing the efforts to tackle climate change because the planet’s existence is at stake, and therefore we must seek the preservation of the environment”. 

Will War Accelerate Energy Transition?

The World Jurist Association (WJA) organized the panel “Degassing Europe: Will War Accelerate the Energy Transition?” which is the first Opening Session of the “on-going” World Law Congress 2023. This virtual meeting brought together Miguel Arias Cañete, former European Commissioner for Climate Action; Cristina Lobillo Borrero, Director of Energy Policy at the Directorate General for Energy of the European Commission; and Javier de Cendra, Dean of the Law School of the University Francisco de Vitoria and expert in Environmental Law.

Viviane Reding, vice-president of the World Law Foundation and former vice-president of the European Commission, moderated the debate, inaugurated by Javier Cremades, president of the WJA. During his speech, President Cremades stressed that “the energy transition is taking place in an unprecedented context in the 21st century. With the war in Ukraine, the conflict unleashed by Moscow, violating international law, has revealed the dependence of Europe and many other regions on Russian fossil fuels”.

During the debate, the panel agreed on the fact that the European Union is fully committed to the objectives of decarbonization by 2055, which implies a progressive abandonment of fossil fuels, and its total substitution by clean energies: renewables, green hydrogen, etc. The so-called energy transition process, which is currently taking place, will achieve a triple objective once complete: cheaper, non-polluting and self-sufficiency.

It was also mentioned that the war in Ukraine has highlighted the urgent need to eliminate the current EU’s energy dependence on Russia by 2030 at the latest, and if possible, by 2027.

Panelists also agreed that energy transition towards decarbonization and independence from Russia are not contradictory goals; on the contrary, they are mutually reinforcing. The most effective way to achieve European energy self-sufficiency is to accelerate the transition in all its dimensions: increasing the contribution of renewables, energy efficiency and savings, new technologies, and in particular, green hydrogen. This philosophy underlies the Commission’s Repower communication, which confirms and reinforces the general objectives contained in the Fit for 55’s communication, approved by the European Council.

The world is currently immersed in a global crisis, which goes beyond the war in Ukraine, and even beyond the post-COVID 19 pandemic. Panelists remarked that this situation poses major challenges to the energy transition process. For example, questions relating to the availability and cost of innovative technologies and that of the raw materials required; questions relating to the world economic situation, inflation, contraction, and growth; and of a geopolitical nature, the duration and extension of the conflict, de-globalization, and disruption of supply chains, etc.

The rise in energy prices is undoubtedly, and especially in its “energy poverty” dimension, one of the greatest causes for concern and a major challenge to the energy transition process. The panel agreed that corrective measures must be implemented, but they must not jeopardize either the progress achieved or the road ahead. The European energy market, as the data shows, has worked very effectively, particularly for consumers and to encourage investment in renewables. The current problem is caused by rising gas prices, and that must be solved with specific measures, targeted at vulnerable sectors.

The European Union began the energy transition process two decades ago, and has already achieved important results: in particular, the fulfillment of all the objectives set for 2020 and the positive forecast, even in anticipation, with respect to those of 2030. The EU has the most complete legislative tools and financial instruments in the world to achieve decarbonization by 2055. Although the current crisis presents significant risks, there is a conviction that the EU has the capacity to overcome them, even to accelerate the process.

 

 

Medal-of-Honor

Spanish Diplomat Jesús Silva receives the Medal of Honor of the World Jurist Association

The WJA recognizes his work in the defense of freedom, the rule of law, and democracy. The WJA Medal of Honor was presented by Javier Cremades, President of the WJA, during the Oslo Freedom Forum, which is being held in the Norwegian capital from May 23 to 25.

The World Jurist Association (WJA) has awarded its Medal of Honor to Spanish diplomat Jesús Silva, current Consul General of Spain in Cape Town, South Africa, former Ambassador of Spain to Venezuela, Panama and Jamaica. The diplomat’s work in the Spanish delegation in Venezuela, from March 2017 to November 2020, has merited him this award, for his career as ambassador and for having defended the values professed by the WJA, particularly his defense of the rule of law and human dignity in the face of abuses of power.

Silva’s time in Caracas was very turbulent and delicate. Since his arrival, the embassy was the seat of secret negotiations between Chavismo and the Venezuelan opposition. It was also a center of courageous defense of human rights, especially of political prisoners with Spanish nationality. After the presidential elections of May 2018, considered fraudulent, chavismo maintained control of the territory and the government in Venezuela, but without the recognition of the European Union and other countries of the world. For its part, the opposition, represented by Juan Guaidó, recognized as President in charge by the United States, the European Union and numerous free countries, maintained moral authority. In the midst of this scenario, the Spanish government granted shelter in the residence of the Spanish Ambassador in Caracas, as a guest, to the Venezuelan prisoner of conscience and activist, Leopoldo López, one of the main opponents of Nicolas Maduro’s regime.

Ambassador Silva’s work, maintaining the balance to preserve diplomatic relations between both nations and at the same time defending the values of freedom, democracy and the rule of law, was a very delicate task. A true example and reference of the usefulness and validity of contemporary diplomacy. For this reason, in the words of Javier Cremades, president of the World Jurist Association: “We recognize in him his courageous defense of the values of freedom, as well as human rights and democracy in extreme circumstances, during his responsibility as ambassador of Spain in Venezuela. Silva connects with the best tradition of Spanish diplomats who were able to take risks to protect the life and dignity of people. In different circumstances, people like him, or like Ángel Sainz Briz, show us that when a profession is exercised with purpose, the world becomes a more livable place, even in circumstances as dramatic as those experienced today by the Venezuelan people, deprived of their democratic rights and the values of the rule of law”.

For his part, Venezuelan leader Leopoldo López noted that he was “witness to how Ambassador Silva assumed a permanent line of defense of political prisoners, of their human rights, and the accompaniment of their families”.

The award ceremony took place within the framework of the Oslo Freedom Forum, organized by the Human Rights Foundation, a series of conferences that brings together distinguished personalities from around the world, activists and victims of authoritarian regimes, all committed to human rights, who are meeting from May 23 to 25 in Oslo.

Medal-of-Honor

 

 

The WJA in History: Charles Rhyne and the proclamation of the US Day on May 1

The Law Day is celebrated in the United States since May 1, 1958, when President Eisenhower proclaimed this date to honor the importance of the law in the creation of the United States.

The idea originated in 1957 when Charles Rhyne, founder of the World Jurist Association and then president of the American Bar Association, envisioned a special day to celebrate America’s legal system. Since Labor Day on May 1 had communist connotations for many Americans, as it celebrated the working people as the ruling class in the Soviet Union, Rhyne proposed celebrating the Law Day instead.

The origins of this day can be traced back to Wewoka, Oklahoma, where attorney Hicks Epton, along with the Seminole County Bar Association, initiated it with the “Know Your Courts, Know Your Freedoms” program on May 1, 1946. Later, in 1954, the celebrations known as Law Day gained national recognition within the legal community.

Charles Rhyne escalated the idea in 1958 and proposed it to President Eisenhower’s cabinet. And, although the proposal was shelved, on May 1 that year, Rhyne commented it directly to the US President, who agreed with it and made the first presidential proclamation of Law Day that same day.

Since 1958, every president of the United States of America has issued an annual Law Day proclamation. This date, according to the American Bar Association, is “a national day set aside to celebrate the rule of law, highlighting how the law and the legal process have contributed to the freedoms shared by all Americans.” A date that in many parts of the world inspires devotion to the rights of the working classes to participate in government, the Law Day asks Americans to focus on the rights of all Americans, as set forth in the foundational documents of American democracy: the Declaration of Independence and the Federal Constitution.

At WLF we are more than 50 Trustees & Advisors!

In its third year of operations, the World Law Foundation counts on more than 50 members of the Board of Trustees and the Advisory Board, all aligned to achieving the same objective: to promote the Rule of Law throughout the World. Distinguished personalities from all around the world have been collaborating in the governance and administration of our Foundation, created to also support the tasks carried out for almost 60 years by the World Jurist Association, including the World Law Congress, and the granting of the World Peace & Liberty Award and the Ruth Bader Ginsburg Medals of Honor, and other events and campaigns to promote Peace Through Law.

The Foundation is committed to promoting and disseminating respect for the law as instrument for the defense of world peace in international relations between States and Regions.

To date, the members of the World Law Foundation Board of Trustees are:

President: Javier Cremades, Spain, President of World Law Foundation.

Vice-President: Viviane Reding, Luxembourg, former Vice-President of the European Commission.

  • Alfredo Barnechea, Peru, writer, journalist, and politician.
  • Alfredo Dagnino, Spain, Secretary General to the World Law Foundation Board of Trustees.
  • Andrés Cardó, Peru, President of Andrés Cardó & Asociados and former Managing Director of Prisa Radio & Cadena SER.
  • Antonio Navalón, Spain, Journalist.
  • Antonio Poncioni Merian, Portugal, Senior Advisor at Lazard.
  • Baltasar Garzón, Spain, President of Baltasar Garzón International Foundation.
  • Carlos Ayala Corao, Venezuela, Vice-President of the International Commission of Jurists.
  • Carlos de la Mata Gorostizaga, General Counsel at Crowe Madrid.
  • Christina Blacklaws, United Kingdom, Non-Executive Director to Ogier.
  • Danilo Türk, Slovenia, former President of Slovenia.
  • David Hatchwell Altaras, Spain, President of Fundación Hispanojudía.
  • Dita Charanzová, Czech Republic, Vice-President of the European Parliament.
  • Eduardo Ferrer Mac-Gregor, Mexico, Judge and former President of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights.
  • Elisabeth Cassin, France, President of the Group Spectrum Office at Orange.
  • Enrique Iglesias García, Uruguay, Former Secretary General of Ibero-American General Secretariat.
  • Hachem Boulos, Lebanon, Partner of Boulos Law Office.
  • Hanna Sochocka, Poland, former Prime Minister of Poland.
  • Hilarie Bass, USA, Past President of American Bar Association, and Founder of the Bass Institute for Diversity and Inclusion.
  • Humberto Romero-Muci, Venezuela, President of the Academy of Political and Social Sciences of Venezuela.
  • Íñigo Sagardoy, Spain, Chairman of Sagardoy Abogados.
  • James Black II, USA, Counsel of Silverman Acampora NYC, and Vice-President of the World Jurist Association.
  • Joao Caiado Guerreiro, Partner at Caiado Guerreiro.
  • Jorge Neri Bonilla, Venezuela, CEO of EIG Multimedia Group and Editor of Cambio16.
  • José Ángel Martínez Sanchiz, Spain, President of the General Council of Notaries.
  • José Igreja Matos, Portugal, President of the International Association of Judges.
  • Juan Domingo Alfonzo, Venezuela, Partner at Torres Plaza Araujo.
  • Juan Gonzalo Ospina, Colombia-Spain, President of Ospina Abogados.
  • Juan Pablo Gallego, Argentina, President of Gallego Abogados.
  • Karen Longaric, Bolivia, former Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
  • Karlos Navarro, Nicaragua, President of the Academy of Jurisprudence of Nicaragua.
  • Katharina Miller, Germany, President of European Women Lawyer Association.
  • Manuel Aragón Reyes, Spain, Emeritus Judge of the Spanish Constitutional Court, and Academic Director of the World Law Congress.
  • Manuel Valls, France-Spain, Councilor in Barcelona, former Prime Minister of France.
  • Marcelo Montero Iglesis, Chile, Partner at Budasis.
  • María Dolores de Cospedal, Spain, former Minister of Defense.
  • María Eugenia Gay, Spain, Delegate of the Spanish Government in Catalonia, Dean of the Barcelona Bar Association.
  • Milton Ray Guevara, Dominican Republic Chief Justice of the Constitutional Court.
  • Nicolas de Santis, Italy, Tech Entrepreneur & CEO of Corporate Vision.
  • Nuno Ataide Das Neves, Portugal, Judge at the Oporto Court of Appel.
  • Salvador Cerón, Mexico, Executive President at STF Consulting Group.
  • Santiago Solines, Ecuador, Partner at Solines & Asociados.
  • Ulises Fernández Rojas, Colombia, Partner HFS Abogados, and Partner at Borbón & Associates.
  • Vaira Vike-Frieberga, Latvia, former President of Latvia.

The members of the Advisory Board are:

  • Alexandru Tanase, Moldova, former Minister of Justice, and former President of the Constitutional Court.
  • Bertrand Mathieu, France, Professor University Paris I, Panthéon Sorbonne, and member of the State Council.
  • Elena-Simina Tănăsescu, Romania, Judge at the Constitutional Court.
  • Marcelo Figueiredo, Brazil, Vice-President of the International Association of Constitutional Law.
  • Mathieu Disant, France, Professor Jean Monnet Saint-Etienne University, and Director of CERCRID.
  • Micrea Criste, Romania, Deputy Ombudsman.
  • Rainer Arnold, Germany, Professor of Public Law at the University of Regensburg.
  • Toma Birmontiene, Lithuania, Professor, Former Judge of the Constitutional Court.
  • Zaza Tavadze, Georgia, President of the Constitutional Court.

 

 

Colombian Democracy, awarded with the World Peace & Liberty Award

The President of Colombia, Iván Duque, was in charge of closing this edition of the World Law Congress and received from the hands of King Felipe VI, the World Peace & Liberty Award, granted by the World Jurist Association. He did so on behalf of Colombian society, recognized with this award for being the longest-lived democracy in the region, and which has an impact on the strengthening and promotion of freedom and the rule of law above the vicissitudes. Iván Duque assured that “Colombian democracy has been solid and will be solid because it has passed the most arduous tests, has faced civil wars, terrorism, drug trafficking, the vicissitudes of natural disasters and has had to undergo demanding tests, but we full of joy that it is one of the oldest in the entire continent”. Along these lines, he recognized that “democracy is a triumph for regulating human activities, renewing leadership and leaving decision-making free for the people.” For Duque, “it is a moral duty to raise one’s voice against the Maduro dictatorship, because keeping silence is being accomplices. Acting within the framework of legality, international law, denouncing this regime before the International Criminal Court is what our peoples expect of us. Extending a helping hand to those who want to have hope is a categorical imperative”. of international law, denouncing this regime before the International Criminal Court is what our peoples expect of us. Extending a helping hand to those who want to have hope is a categorical imperative”.

For his part, King Felipe VI, recipient of the World Peace & Liberty Award 2019, highlighted “Spain’s firm commitment to Colombia in its role as an Ibero-American strategic partner”, and recognized that “our government, our institutions, our cooperation and our The legal community will continue to bet on this country and its citizens”. Of the Colombian democracy, he said that “it has stood firm in the face of risks and will feel recognized, comforted and encouraged by this important distinction, because it is based on harmony, freedom and equality.” Adding that “the rule of law is not only a guarantee of freedom, but also an essential requirement to achieve economic and social development with stability and justice, because development must be built by seeking coexistence, guaranteeing security and favoring the well-being of all citizens”.

Present at the award ceremony was the president of the World Jurist Association, Javier Cremades, who remarked that “Colombia has become the best country in the region, and it is one of the few stars that shine in the sky of freedom. Today Colombians are not forced to emigrate”. He also underlined that “they are a reference and model for those countries that want to establish the peace and freedom of their fellow citizens on the right”.

The former president of the American Bar Association, Hilarie Bass, was in charge of reading the act of awarding the World Peace & Liberty Award; and the Secretary General of the Organization of American States, Luis Almagro, praised Colombian democracy. The academic director of the World Law Congress and emeritus magistrate of the Constitutional Court of Spain, Manuel Aragón Reyes, gave voice to the reading of the Barranquilla 2021 declaration.

The closing ceremony also hosted the presentation of the World Jurist Association medals of honor which, on this occasion, were presented to Antonio Ramón Villaraigosa, former mayor of Los Angeles, Hilarie Bass, former president of the American Bar Association, Patricie Lee Refo, former president of the American Bar Association, to The World Justice Project, to the Constituents of the Political Constitution of Colombia 1991, to Cheol-Kyu Hwang, president of the International Association of Attorneys General, to José Igreja Matos, president of the Union Magistrates International, and Reginald Turner, President of the American Bar Association.

The Rule of Law Index was also presented by Elizabeth Andersen, Executive Director of the World Justice Project.

Viviane Reding, Vice President of the World Law Foundation and former Vice President of the European Commission, read the act of awarding the World Peace & Liberty Award to be presented in 2022 to Angela Merkel, former Chancellor of Germany.

The 27th edition of the World Law Congress in figures

The World Law Congress Colombia 2021, which coincided with the 30th anniversary of the 1991 Constitution of Colombia and the 200 years of the Constitution of Cúcuta, brought together more than 2,500 attendees from more than 60 countries and has had a program featuring 52 round tables and more than 300 world-class speakers.

This edition will give way to the one to be held in Geneva (Switzerland) in 2023.